Tuesday, 12 February 2019

Raymond Sheppard and Picture Post (Part Four)

International Artists present Raymond Sheppard

In the last three articles I've shown all Sheppard's illustrations accompanying stories, autobiographies, biographies and general articles. This time I'm concentrating on the last lot in Picture Post which is advertising. Now I don't want to give you the impression that these only appeared in Picture Post. They certainly didn't but here's a good as any place to include them for your pleasure!

The first one, of the ICI series, (I've written about ICI before) appears in the 12 December 1953 edition of Picture Post and is labelled "Buried Treasure", showing a cocker spaniel digging up a bone. The article talks about how the restriction on importing sulphuric acid from the USA lead to the home-grown solution taken from a rock called anhydrite. I wonder, is digging underground the connection between this issue and the cocker spaniel? The full text of the article is reproduced below for your interest.

Picture Post 12 December 1953 p.10

In Picture Post 3 April 1954 we see another of the ICI advertising columns which over that period had quite a few artists. "Waste not, want not" is the title of this one and talks about how a product created in one division of ICI may not be a total waste so all rejects are examined for alternate uses. I'm not sure why bees demonstrate this but the resultant image is gorgeous.

Picture Post 3 April 1954 p.10

Interestingly, the copywriters weren't very imaginative. I originally found the following in a copy of the Reader's Digest when clearing my late mother's house. Subsequently I saw the printer's proof that Christine Sheppard owned but also I've seen all three of these adverts in other magazines and papers all formatted differently - one column and two columns. The one below, although being the same text as the cocker spaniel above, has a terrier digging!

Reader's Digest January 1954 p112
Moving on to the other group of adverts that appeared - as far as I've tracked them so far! -The British Motor Corporation Limited. The company was formed in the early 1950s from a merger between Austin and Morris companies and at that time held nearly 40% of all British motor car production!

Picture Post 31 March 1956
"Getting through at 20 below"

In 1956 Sheppard produced three full page colour adverts for the company via the agency International Artists. On a tearsheet owned by Christine Sheppard, we see that the adverts appeared in a variety of magazines:

  1. March 31 1956 Illustrated London News (13 x 9 inches)
  2. March 22 1956 The Field (12 x 9 inches)
  3. March 31 1956 Illustrated (12 x 9 inches)
  4. March 31 1956 Picture Post (12 x 9 inches)
I also know it appeared in Country Life (29 March 1956). The adverts also ran on multiple weeks.

The above husky advert also appeared in a newspaper - here's the B&W version - I don't know which:

The second advert appeared in June 1956 and showed the elephant "Strength in the right place!" and appeared to my knowledge in the Illustrated London News (30 June 1956), Picture Post (16 June 1956) and Punch (6 June 1956)

Illustrated London News 30 June 1956
"Strength in the right place!"
And the third one drawn by Raymond Sheppard is of llamas with the caption "Roadholding is vital!". It certainly appeared in Illustrated London News (11 July 1956), Picture Post (14 and 28 July 1956)

Picture Post 14 July 1956
"Roadholding is vital!"
Finally I noticed when looking for other BMC adverts that the theme started earlier but was not illustrated by Sheppard (Picture Post 21 April 1956 "600,000 H.P. every week" shows a liner at sea)  and "Breeding comes out at extra speed" appeared showing a horse race - again not illustrated by Sheppard. I also found two 1960 adverts which are similar but not by Sheppard

Not a Sheppard illustration

Not a Sheppard illustration

Not a Sheppard illustration

There is another advert in the Picture Post which I'll save for another time

Tuesday, 29 January 2019

Raymond Sheppard and Picture Post (Part Three)

Picture Post 24 October 1953 p20
John Bull steps into the soft drink era by Brian Dowling
It's difficult to tell if Sheppard created the photo/illustration montage or the background was dropped in by an editor, but the topic "John Bull steps into the soft drink era" describes how at the end of sugar rationing the war of soft drinks in the UK was about to hot up. The article's author Brian Dowling doubts that we are looking at a 'Coca-colonisation' - an early use of the phrase, I'm sure,  but "Four of America's biggest firms have consolidated their bridgeheads over here. But the British soft industry, with over 1,200 manufacturers is well established over here as it wasn't in other countries". Little did he know!

The Execution of Private Slovik by William Bradford Huie

This sweet image of Princess Anne belies
a terrible story mentioned on the cover!

Wikipedia tells us that Eddie Slovik's story is unique as "Although over 21,000 American soldiers were given varying sentences for desertion during World War II, including forty-nine death sentences, Slovik's death sentence was the only one that was carried out" - for purely military reasons (as opposed to rape, or murder).

Picture Post 19 June 1954 p16
Sheppard depicts this by showing 12 American soldiers aiming at their target on the 31 January 1945. This four page article shows photos of Slovik's marriage and shows his older brother who 2 years after Slovik's death married his widow. Wikipedia now tells us the conclusion of this story, where the widow fought till her death in 1979 for a pardon and for the remains to be shipped back to the USA. The latter happened under Ronald Regan's term as President but the former have never happened.

The man with a scar by Somerset Maugham
Picture Post 14 August 1954 p31
This story by Maugham reads rather like a Hemingway short story. It tells of a Nicaraguan exile who begs at the bar in the Palace Hotel at Guatemala City. A fellow drinker with our narrator tells the story of how the beggar was lined up for the firing squad for being on the opposing side in a Nicaraguan coup and how he escaped that death. When asked, at the end of this exciting story, just how he came by the enormous scar on his face, the man explains "Oh, that was due to a bottle that burst when he has opening it. A bottle of ginger ale."

That brings us to end of Sheppard's illustrations for articles in the Picture Post. I've looked through every edition and the only other illustrations are shown in the next blog article.

Tuesday, 8 January 2019

Raymond Sheppard and Picture Post (Part Two)

Picture Post 12 September 1953 pp. 32-33
In Part One of my look at Raymond Sheppard's work for the Picture Post magazine we looked at some of the Cold War stories, and today we're looking at two flyers and their war and post-war exploits - Neville Duke and Leonard Cheshire.

Cover of Picture Post 5 Sept 1953 showing Mara Lane

Firstly this lovely double page spread from Picture Post 5 September 1953 showing Neville Duke narrowly avoiding barrage balloons in his Miles Master (a training two-seater first flown in 1939). Duke became a famous test pilot and achieved the world air speed record in 1953, the year we read his story in Picture Post.

Picture Post 5 September 1953 pp24-25
The second double-page spread is unusual in that the editor (in my opinion) has chosen to extend the parachute straps across the left hand page. It might be on the original so I could be wrong! Anyway we see Duke and two of his crash landings!

Picture Post 5 September 1953 pp26-27

Picture Post 5 September 1953 p26

In the following issue Duke continues his story and we see him test flying his Hawker Hunter skidding to a halt and a fire engine racing towards him.

Picture Post 12 September 1953 pp.32-33

The next image drawn by Sheppard shows "at the time of my first supersonic bang, one country policeman was feeding his chickens" and we can see the results!

Picture Post 12 September 1953 pp.34

The 19 September issue has the third part of his story and shows Duke's admission that "I learned a sharp lesson", when he flew his Hawker N7/46, the prototype Seahawk at the 1949 Farnborough Air Show and relexed his guard a little too much nearly stalling the sircraft whilst inverted!

Picture Post 19 September 1953 p38-39
Now I'm skipping a few issues (saving the odds and ends for the next article in this series) and we're now looking at another famous post-war flyer. I quote Wikipedia:
Geoffrey Leonard Cheshire, Baron Cheshire, VC, OM, DSO & Two Bars, DFC (7 September 1917 – 31 July 1992) was a highly decorated Royal Air Force (RAF) pilot and group captain during the Second World War, and a philanthropist.
Among the honours Cheshire received as a pilot was the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. He was the youngest group captain in the RAF and one of the most highly decorated pilots of the war.
After the war he founded a hospice that grew into the charity Leonard Cheshire Disability. He became known for his work in conflict resolution. In 1991 he was created a life peer in recognition of his charitable work
Reading the Wikipedia page is quite amazing, how much of a life he lived!  The first two parts of his story are not illustrated by Sheppard so I'm concentrating on parts three and four here. Part Three entitled "How he won his first D.S.O." is written by Russell Braddon and he tells us:
Pilot Officer Cheshire was at the controls of a crippled bomber. A grotesque figure, uniform in flames, screamed at him: "Fire! The tank's on fire." "Well, put it out then", snapped  Cheshire, who took the plane onto bomb Cologne and win the first of his three D.S.Os.

Picture Post 22 May 1954 p36-37

As if the story of his turning the plane round and hitting his original target on return was not enough, Cheshire was also involved in observing the Nagasaki bomb drop. "Destroyer becomes a crusader" is the title of part 4 of his story by Braddon and the full page black and white wash hits you in the face on turning the page!

Picture Post 29 May 1954 p33
The caption for this image states: "From the rear gunner's turret of a Flying Fortress, Cheshire watched the destruction of Nagasaki".  In an interview (on Youtube) Cheshire admits that the pilot of his aircraft should have been at 30,000 - not 39,000 feet, and should have been 10 miles away from the drop zone - not 50 miles. Yet he describes how the bomb had symmetry and thus showed it had 'controlled power' unlike other explosives he encountered which were 'ragged'. The whole interview is astounding and one of the reasons I like blogging - the many "rabbit holes" I go down as well as extraordianry art.

Next time: Picture Post and advertising

Monday, 29 October 2018

Raymond Sheppard and Picture Post (Part One)

14 February 1953

Stefan Lorant (February 22, 1901) was born in Budapest and died (November 14, 1997) in Rochester, Minnesota. His name doesn't roll off the tongue but his influence on pictorial journalism cannot be overstated. He moved from Hungary to Germany working in journalism, was chief editor of M√ľnchner Illustrierte Presse and was known as a great stills photographer. Unfortunately his anti-Hitler stance led to his 'protective' imprisonment 6 weeks after Hitler came to power in 1933 and he returned to Hungary on release after months in prison. He then decided to move to England in 1934 where he created Weekly Illustrated (1934), Lilliput (1937), and after Sir Edward Hulton bought the Lilliput magazine in order to secure Lorant's services, Picture Post which was founded in 1938, a year before the outbreak of war. Lorant did research for a special edition of the Picture Post in America and decided to settle becoming a citizen in 1943.
Picture Post was famous for its portrayal of a variety of subjects and hard-hitting journalism. The photo spreads showed royalty and what we now call celebrities, but also, during the war, the ordinary person's struggles on the home front. Black and white photographs, printed clearly, allowed the population glimpses into how others were coping. During peace time many articles were educative and the magazine's fame (and copycat publications) were based on its photographs.It had an "initial print run of 750,000 and weekly sales peaking at 1,750,000 in 1939" (Anthony Quinn  (2016) A history of British Magazine Design)

Stefan Lorant: Godfather of photojournalism

So how did Raymond Sheppard have work appear in 1953, 1954 and then lastly 1956? I have no insights for you beyond the surprise that his work of illustration did appear in what is so famously known as a photographic magazine!

I want to look at some of the February, March and May issues of 1953 for this article and the later work at a later date.

Picture Post 14 February 1953 p.31

"Unsecret weapon" by John Steinbeck was a short story that appeared in the 14 February 1953 edition of Picture Post (and concluded the following week) . It tells the story of the narrator's pitch to President Roosevelt on breaking down tyranny (obviously at this point - communism) not by a frontal assault but by inward pressure. How? Using capitalism's greatest weapon...money! Counterfeit money would be dropped by balloons into Russia to break the money system once they had been discovered to be fake.

Picture Post 14 February 1953 p.32
"He could see the great white sphere shining in the moonlight"

Picture Post 14 February 1953 p.35
"It's – Comrade it's money"
The second part of this unusual story, which I can't see has ever appeared in reprint, appeared in Picture Post 21 February 1953

Picture Post 21 February 1953

Picture Post 21 February 1953 p.31
Picture Post 21 February 1953 p.31
Comrade Radin charged around the corner
Picture Post 21 February 1953 p.33
Gemil was sealed from the world

Picture Post 21 February 1953 p.35
Tula read the sheaf of reports
The third issue in which Sheppard's illustrations appeared was 21 March 1953 with the article "I was Stalin's Bodyguard" by Achmed Amba.  The book about this Turkish man who joined the Soviet Army and became so close to Stalin was published in the UK in translation by Richard and Clara Winston in 1952 by Frederick Muller and serialised in Picture Post. (It should be said the authenticity of this account has now been called into question). In the same way the Kremlin drawing appears on page 35 (see below) the image was repeated all through the story.

Picture Post 21 March 1953

Picture Post 21 March 1953 p.35
NOTE: the cartoon on the right with a signature of "R.S." -
not Raymond Sheppard but the Lilliput regular Ronald Searle!

Picture Post 21 March 1953 p.35
The Kremlin

Picture Post 21 March 1953 p.36
He froze...then he said "Rosenholz, get out!"

Picture Post 21 March 1953 p.39
Stalin's oldest associate in the Government was Molotov

Picture Post 21 March 1953 p.43
Ulanova dancing
The next appearance of Sheppard's drawings was 16 May 1953 in an unusual image  for "Chiang and Red China" by Adlai Stevenson ("the man 27,00,00 Americans voted for"). The caption to the one illustration by Sheppard helpfully explains: "Chiang-Kai Shek's government is often pictured either with a halo or a forked tail". Sheppard has a pasted-up photographic portrait of Chiang-Kai Shek on his drawing showing the Chinese Nationalist Government leader stretching from Taiwan (then Formosa) to the mainland.

Picture Post 16 May 1953

Picture Post 16 May 1953 pp42-43

Picture Post 16 May 1953, p.43

It seems appropriate having concentrated on the Far East to end my first view of Raymond Sheppard's work in Picture Post here as the next article he illustrated was much closer to home.

Sunday, 29 July 2018

Raymond Sheppard and Fire in the flint

Dustjacket by Raymond Sheppard
A flint, chipped by an ancient Briton, to serve as a weapon against Roman invaders, is the link between the seven incidents in this story, which is set in Norfolk. From Roman times we follow its adventures until the day during the last war when it is lost for ever under the sea. Raymond Sheppard has drawn the jacket and contributed some brilliant illustrations.
This description is on the flyleaf of the dustjacket to this lovely book, which is similar to BB's "Lord of the forest" in that we track through history around a single object. In the latter it's the story told about an oak tree's life; in the former, it's a piece of flint.

Fire in the flint p.10
Ancient Briton's boat sinks as Roman galley approaches

In a review of another book, the Times ("Shorter Notices." 23 Oct. 1936: p.9) notes that with Robertson's book Zambesi Days that "Mr Roberston's experiences occurred in a fast passing age: he lived them unemotionally but appreciatively, and he has a natural gift of writing, a combination resulting in a most attractive volume". The SF Encyclopedia has biographical dates for Robertson:

Wilfrid Robertson
born Bakewell, Derbyshire: 22 April 1892
died Oxford, Oxfordshire: 5 April 1973

Beyond that I couldn't find any information on this author who was quite prolific in "big game hunter" and boy's adventure stories. He was obviously writing about the former from experience and, I would guess, having written so much about Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), and other southern African countries, he might well have lived there for a period.

Fire in the flint p.20-21
The Icenis storm the Roman fort / Spear with flint attached

The first chapter follows the Iceni in "The finding of the flint" followed by "The heel of the Norman".
Fire in the flint p.26
Pushing blocks of stone uphill to build Norman castle

Fire in the flint p.37
Torfrid and Edgar save Norman knight from the marshes

Fire in the flint p.41
Norman knight rides off waving thanks

The expression "the fire in the flint" comes from Shakespeare's Timon of Athens (Act 1. Scene 1,30-31) "The fire in the flint Shows not till it be struck" and talks of the possibility of someone/something. Spurgeon, the evangelical preacher used the expression in some thoughts on the Book of Job "There's fire in the flint, cool as it looks; wait till the steel gets a knock at it, and you will see"

The next story "The country folk rise" tells of the Peasant Revolt
Fire in the flint p.48
The peasant's uprising in Norwich

Fire in the flint p.56
Two men jump into the moat

Fire in the flint p.61
The flint knife is broken
 This book contains a narrative following a single piece of flint through the ages, starting with the Iceni tribes in Norfolk and the Romans, and rapidly moves onto the rise and oppression of the Norman. Next comes the Peasant's Revolt.

The chapter called "The church breakers" tells of Cromwell's time and what was fascinating to me was that the churches in question are ones I have visited for an earlier blog series

Fire in the flint p.67
A farmer is ploughing when he hears the church bells pealing a warning

Fire in the flint p.75
Cromwell's sympathisers fall in the marshes

Fire in the flint p.78
A round-towered church (resembling Haddiscoechurch)
The next story "The harnessing of the marshes" tells of the draining and return to farmland of the marshes.
Fire in the flint p.82
He uses his spyglass to watch a boat sailing down the Yare river

Fire in the flint p.90
The workers escape the King's men in the fog

Fire in the flint p.92
The flint, stored in a caseing saves a gentleman's life
 "The wildfowlers" tells of those living on the marshes  and uses local dialect which reads beautifully.

Fire in the flint p.97
Two men catch "lemon sole" by a windmill

Fire in the flint p.105
Two men catch a thief

Fire in the flint p.106
The flint resides in a rifle

The last tale is "The losing of the flint"  and takes place during World War Two. Two German fighter pilots are captured by a fenlander, waving his old flintlock at them. He and a friend take the prisoners downriver and are in collison with their rescuers!

Fire in the flint p.109
A German plane crashes and its occupants captured

Fire in the flint p.111
A rescue launch, with no lights, collides with the row boat
The final illustration shows trout swimming over the flintlock whose "last remaining portion of the flint found a permanent resting-place beneath the primeval ooze"

A Hunter talks. London: A.H. Stockwell, 1930
The Mountain of Gold. London; Glasgow: Blackie & Son, 1935.
Rhodesian Rancher. [Autobiographical reminiscences. With plates.]London; Glasgow: Blackie & Son, 1935.
Zambezi days  London; Glasgow: Blackie & Son, 1936.
The Painted Pool. London: Oxford University Press, 1936.
Raiders from the Bush. London: Oxford University Press, 1937.
The Black Planes [Illustrated by Jack Nicolle]. London: Oxford University Press, 1938.
The Scar on the Film, [Cover by Jack Nicolle] London: Oxford University Press, 1939. [a novel in which a civilization of ancient Phoenicians is discovered in Africa]
The day of Rorke's drift January 22, 1879 London: Oxford University Press, 1940.
Gold over the Border London : Oxford University Press, 1940.
The defence of Mafeking [Series: Great Exploits] London: Oxford University Press, 1941.
Wings over the Zambesi, London: Oxford University Press, 1941.
Dunkirk Dunes to Libyan Sand, London: Oxford University Press, 1941.
The Island Plot.[Illustrated by Lewis Lupton] London: Oxford University Press, [1942]
Lorraine Cross and Southern Cross London: Oxford University Press, [1943]
The Emperor's Ring. A story of the campaign in Abyssinia London: Oxford University Press, 1944.
The Affair of A.20. A story of the campaign in Madagascar London: Oxford University Press, 1945.
The Lost Gold Bars [Illustrated by S. Drigin]. London: Oxford University Press, 1946.
The Missing Legatee [Illustrated by Jack Matthew] London: Oxford University Press, 1947.
Coaster's Mate; An African Adventure  [Illustrated by Jack Matthew] London: Oxford University Press, 1949.
Trant of Makati London: Oxford University Press, 1949.
Bush Patrol [Illustrated by Jack Matthew] London: Oxford University Press, 1950.
The Storm of '96: a tale of the Mashona Rising [Illustrated by Jack Matthew] London: Oxford University Press, 1951.
The Zakana Gold Affair [Illustrated by Jack Matthew] London: Oxford University Press, 1952.
The Lost Mines of Chikova [Illustrated by Jack Mathew] London: Oxford University Press, 1954.
The Young Traveller in Tropical Africa. [With a map and 31 photographs]. London: Phoenix House, 1954.
The House on the Broads London: Quality Press, 1954.
Wagons rolling North : a story of Cecil Rhodes [Illustrated by J. S. Goodall] London: Phoenix House, 1954
The Blue Wagon [Illustrated by Jack Matthew] London: Oxford University Press, 1955.
Jack and the Elephant Bull. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1955
Queer Doings at Quantham. London; New York: Frederick Warne & Co., [1956]
Mandala Trail [Illustrated by Jack Matthew] London: Oxford University Press, 1956.
The Village by the Stones [Illustrated by Fred Exell] London: Phoenix House, 1957.
Snow on the Wold. London; New York: Frederick Warne & Co., [1957]
Mystery at Manthorpe London: J. M. Dent & Sons, 1957.
Fire in the Flint. A tale in seven scenes [Illustrated by Raymond Sheppard]. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1957.
Black Meg's London: J. M. Dent & Sons, 1958.
Shadow of a Rope  London: J. M. Dent & Sons, 1960.
Safari. London; Glasgow: Collins, 1961.
Coaster's Mate. London; Glasgow: Collins, 1961.
The House on the Headland [Illustrated by Geoffrey Whittam]. London: J. M. Dent & Sons, 1962.

 Waiting (ss) The Oxford Annual for Boys 1935
“One White Night” (ss) The Citizen (Gloucester) May 3 1949
Better Value (ss) The Citizen (Gloucester) May 19 1949
Distant Fields Are Green (ss) The Citizen (Gloucester) Jun 17 1949
No Complaints (ss) The Citizen (Gloucester) Oct 5 1949
Floating Assets (ss) The Citizen (Gloucester) Oct 10 1949
Spice to Life (ss) The Citizen (Gloucester) Oct 20 1949
A Case for Compensation (ss) The Citizen (Gloucester) Jan 13 1950
Off the Ration (ss) The Citizen (Gloucester) Jan 25 1950
Black Outlook (ss) The Citizen (Gloucester) Feb 28 1950
Thought for the Morrow (ss) The Citizen (Gloucester) Mar 13 1950
The Porridge Pot (ss) The Citizen (Gloucester) Mar 17 1950
Guest Who Guessed (ss) The Citizen (Gloucester) Apr 13 1950
Labels Sometimes Lie (ss) The Citizen (Gloucester) May 23 1950
Patchwork Quilt (ss) The Citizen (Gloucester) Jun 26 1950 The above from the FiictionMags Index

 "Camp Craft in the African Wilds" in The Big Book for Boys. London: Humphrey Milford /Oxford University Press, 1937
[Unknown] in The Boys V for Victory Book 7. London: Oxford University Press, 1942
"Wet journey" in The Treasure Book of Comics. London: Odhams Press, 1955
[Unknown] in Stirring Stories for Girls. [Ed: Eric Duthie] London: Odhams Press, 1963

"Madui's Curse" in Wide World Magazine, [Month unknown] 1933.
[Unknown] in Wide World Magazine, March 1944